As India is drawing close to 3rd May the end of its 2.0 lockdown, The Union Health Secretary, Preeti Sudan has in a recent letter released, indicated an action plan. Out of the 733 districts, 130 are marked in red and are called the red zones where stringent measures will continue to be adopted. There are 284 districts which fall in the orange zone and which could see partial easing of restrictions. The liberal easing of restrictions will apply to the 319 districts which come under the green zone. The modalities of the plan have been shared with the Chief Ministers and chief secretaries of all the states.
Earlier a zone qualified from red to green when there were no cases for 28 days, in the recent letter the number of days has been brought down to 21 days.
Post 3rd May the mapping of cases and contacts will continue, with careful attention to the geographical dispersion of cases. There will be a stricter surveillance and testing. There will be a careful watch of people transiting through various states and zones and there will be a complete ban on unchecked influx of people. The movement of people inter zone will be recorded and this will be followed by an integrated disease surveillance programme. In the red zones only movement of essential goods will be allowed. A house to house monitoring will be conducted; clear entry and exit points will be marked.
A state wise tally of Red, Orange and Green zones is as follows:
Delhi 11 districts all are in Red so there is no easing of restrictions.
Gujarat – 9 are Red, 19 are Orange and 5 are Green.
Maharashtra which is the worst affected has 14 Red, 16 Orange and 6 Green.
Chhattisgarh which has been doing well has 1 Red, 1 Orange and 25 Green.
UP which has seen a spike in cases recently has 19 Red, 36 Orange and 20 Green.
West Bengal has 10 Red, 5 Orange and 8 Green
Assam which has been doing okay so far has 0 in Red, 3 Orange and 30 Green.
The National doubling rate of cases stands at 11 % currently. The districts with a poorer doubling rate than the National one fall in the red and orange zone, whereas those that record a better rate than the National doubling rate are categorized in the green.
For a district to move from red to orange there should have been no case in the past 14 days and from orange to green earlier the window was a 28 day period, now it has been brought down to 21 days in the recent letter issued by the Union Health Secretary – Preeti Sudan.